The CCNP validates the ability to plan, implement, verify, and troubleshoot local and wide-area enterprise networks and work collaboratively with specialists on advanced security, voice, wireless, and video solutions. In addition to CCNA Exams, professionals must pass three separate professional-level exams. The certification track changed in July 2010, with various migration paths available for those that had begun, but not completed, the CCNP certification process. In July 2014, Cisco released version 2.0 of the CCNP exams and training courses, “to reflect the alignment with changing industry job roles and the addition of new study materials.” Presently, both the v1.0 and v2.0 exams are acceptable for CCNP R&S certification, but 29 January 2015 will be the last day to test using the v1.0 exams. As of 30 January 2015, only the v2.0 exams will be offered.